Port at the mouth of the Danube River on the Black Sea (qq.v.) that exported grain, honey, wax, wine, and slaves to Constantinople (q.v.). In the 13th century it changed control from the Mongols to Byzantium (qq.v.) and back again, only to pass to the Second Bulgarian Empire in the early 14th century, to Genoa (q.v.), and then to the princes of Moldavia (q.v.). The Ottomans (q.v.) captured it in 1484.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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